Identification and Characterization of Segregation Distortion Loci on Cotton Chromosome 18
Segregation distortion is commonly detected via genetic mapping and this phenomenon has been reported in many species. However, the genetic causes of the segregation distortion regions in a majority of species are still unclear. To genetically dissect the SD onchromosome 18 in cotton, eight reciprocal backcross populations and two F2 populations were developed. Eleven segregationdistortion loci (SDL) were detected in these ten populations. Comparative analyses among populations revealed that SDL18.1 and SDL18.9 were consistent with male gametic competition; whereas SDL18.4 and SDL18.11 reflected female gametic selection. Similarly, other SDL could reflect zygotic selection. The surprising finding was that SDL18.8 was detected in all populations, and the direction was skewed towards heterozygotes. Consequently, zygotic selection or heterosis could represent the underlying genetic mechanism for SDL18.8. Among developed introgression lines, SDL18.8 was introgressed as a heterozygote, further substantiating that a heterozygote state was preferred under competition. Six out of 11 SDL on chromosome 18 were dependent on the cytoplasmic environment. These results indicated that different SDL showed varying responses to the cytoplasmic environment. Overall, the results provided a novel strategy to analyze the molecular mechanisms, which could be further exploited in cotton interspecific breeding programs.