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Reference genome sequences of two cultivated allotetraploid cottons, Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense

Update Time: 2018-12-06 11:46:46Click:857 times
Maojun Wang, Lili Tu, Daojun Yuan, De Zhu, Chao Shen, Jianying Li, Fuyan Liu, Liuling Pei, Pengcheng Wang, Guannan Zhao, Zhengxiu Ye, Hui Huang, Feilin Yan, Yizan Ma, Keith Lindsey, Zhongxu Lin, Joshua A. Udall & Xianlong Zhang.2018.Nature.Genetics


Allotetraploid cotton species (Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense) have long been cultivated worldwide for natural renewable textile fibers. The draft genome sequences of both species are available but they are highly fragmented and incomplete . Here we report reference-grade genome assemblies and annotations for G. hirsutumaccession Texas Marker-1 (TM-1) and G. barbadense accession 3–79 by integrating single-molecule real-time sequencing, BioNano optical mapping and high-throughput chromosome conformation capture techniques. Compared with previous assembled draft genomes1,3, these genome sequences show considerable improvements in contiguity and completeness for regions with high content of repeats such as centromeres. Comparative genomics analyses identify extensive structural variations that probably occurred after polyploidization, highlighted by large paracentric/pericentric inversions in 14 chromosomes. We constructed an introgression line population to introduce favorable chromosome segments from G. barbadense to G. hirsutum, allowing us to identify 13 quantitative trait loci associated with superior fiber quality. These resources will accelerate evolutionary and functional genomic studies in cotton and inform future breeding programs for fiber improvement.